Quizzes

The Ultimate Diabetes Medication Quiz




Image: iStockphoto.com/diego cervo

About This Quiz

Not everyone who has diabetes uses insulin shots exclusively. In fact, many people with diabetes take only pills or pills in combination with insulin. There are a variety of diabetes medication options with different modes of action and side effects. Take this quiz and learn about the treatment of diabetes with medication.

This post: The Ultimate Diabetes Medication Quiz

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Image: iStockphoto.com/diego cervo

About This Quiz

Not everyone who has diabetes uses insulin shots exclusively. In fact, many people with diabetes take only pills or pills in combination with insulin. There are a variety of diabetes medication options with different modes of action and side effects. Take this quiz and learn about the treatment of diabetes with medication.

This post: The Ultimate Diabetes Medication Quiz

Diabetes pills are never used by people with:

type 1 diabetes

gestational diabetes

both of the above


Correct Answer


Wrong Answer

Diabetes pills are reserved for people with type 2 diabetes and cannot be taken by people with type 1 diabetes or gestational diabetes.

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When do diabetes pills work best?

following a recent type 2 diabetes diagnosis

after prolonged type 2 diabetes

when diabetes complications begin to occur


Correct Answer


Wrong Answer

Diabetes pills are generally prescribed to people with type 2 diabetes who are recently diagnosed. Typically, at this early stage of diagnosis, your body makes almost enough insulin on its own and only needs a little help from medication.

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What is combination therapy?

diabetes pills and diet changes

diabetes pills and insulin shots

insulin shots and diet changes


Correct Answer


Wrong Answer

If diabetes pills alone are not working, you may benefit from taking both insulin shots and diabetes pills. This is known as combination therapy.

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When is combination therapy appropriate?

during times of sickness or stress

if you need surgery

both of the above


Correct Answer


Wrong Answer

Someone with type 2 diabetes may benefit from combination therapy in unique situations, such as during times of sickness or stress, or when surgery is needed.

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What is the standard treatment for a pregnant woman who has type 2 diabetes?

insulin shots

combination therapy

lifestyle changes only


Correct Answer


Wrong Answer

If you are pregnant and taking diabetes pills, you’ll probably have to switch to insulin shots for the duration of your pregnancy.

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How do alpha-glucosidase inhibitors work?

They artificially increase insulin levels.

They stimulate insulin receptors.

They slow down digestion.


Correct Answer


Wrong Answer

Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors stop your digestive enzymes from breaking down digested food, which slows down the digestive process. This allows for a gradual increase of blood glucose levels over a longer period of time.

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Alpha-glucosidase are appropriate for:

people who don’t have gastrointestinal problems

anyone with type 2 diabetes

only adult men with type 2 diabetes


Correct Answer


Wrong Answer

Since alpha-glucosidase affects your digestive system, you shouldn’t take this medication if you have a history of bowel or stomach issues.

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What are the side effects of alpha-glucosidase?

constipation and nausea

diarrhea, abdominal pain and gas

hard stools and heartburn


Correct Answer


Wrong Answer

The side effects of alpha-glucosidase generally include: diarrhea, abdominal pain and gas. These side effects, however, are not experienced by everyone.

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How do sulfonylureas work?

They stimulate insulin receptors.

They slow down digestion.

They artificially increase insulin levels.


Correct Answer


Wrong Answer

Someone with type 2 diabetes has insulin receptors that are not sensitive enough, leading to a glucose deficiency in the body’s cells. Increasing insulin with drugs like sulfonylureas can help with increasing the glucose needed in the body’s cells.

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What are the side effects of sulfonylureas?

constipation and nausea

skin rash and upset stomach

both of the above


Correct Answer


Wrong Answer

There are several side effects associated with sulfonylureas, including constipation, nausea, skin rash, upset stomach, heartburn, low blood glucose if the medication dosage is too high and weight gain.

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What should you avoid doing if you are taking sulfonylureas?

drinking alcohol

exercising

both of the above


Correct Answer


Wrong Answer

You should avoid drinking alcohol when taking sulfonylureas. The combination of the two may lead to dangerously low blood glucose levels.

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Biguanides:

decrease your liver’s production of glucose

improve your ability to make insulin

both of the above


Correct Answer


Wrong Answer

Biguanides decrease your liver’s production of glucose, improve your ability to make insulin and decrease your small intestine’s absorption of glucose. All of these actions ultimately lower your blood glucose levels.

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What are side effects of biguanides?

nausea and diarrhea

diminished appetite and metallic taste in the mouth

both of the above


Correct Answer


Wrong Answer

Side effects of biguanides include: nausea, diarrhea, diminished appetite and a metallic taste in the mouth. Seek immediate medical attention if you experience: weakness, muscle pain, trouble breathing, dizziness and a slow or irregular heartbeat.

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Meglitinides are good if you have high blood glucose levels:

consistently throughout the day

right after meals

only at night


Correct Answer


Wrong Answer

Meglitinides work quickly and efficiently at reducing your blood glucose levels right after a meal. Therefore, this type of medication is great if you experience high blood glucose levels specifically after meals.

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How do meglitinides work?

They increase the pancreas’ production of insulin.

They decrease the liver’s production of glucose.

both of the above


Correct Answer


Wrong Answer

Meglitinides increase your pancreas’ production of insulin, which helps with the transportation of glucose to your body’s cells.

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What is an advantage of meglitinides?

Cases of hyperglycemia are rare.

It allows for flexibility in your daily schedule.

both of the above


Correct Answer


Wrong Answer

The effect of meglitinides works very quickly, which allows you some flexibility in your daily meal planning and meal times.

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What are the side effects of meglitinides?

nausea and vomiting

low blood glucose and weight gain

both of the above


Correct Answer


Wrong Answer

Side effects of meglitinides include: nausea, vomiting, low blood glucose and weight gain. It’s always important to pay attention to the side effects of medication and to inform your doctor.

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How do thiazolidinediones work?

They increase the sensitivity of insulin receptors.

They slow down digestion.

They decrease the pancreas’ production of insulin.


Correct Answer


Wrong Answer

Thiazolidinediones increase the sensitivity of insulin receptors on fat, liver and muscle cells. This allows these cells to receive the glucose they need.

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What are the side effects of thiazolidinediones?

anemia, fatigue and headache

jaundice, body ache and leg swelling

both of the above


Correct Answer


Wrong Answer

Some of the side effect thiazolidinediones may require medical attention, so seek medical help if you experience any of these side effects. Side effects include: anemia, fatigue, headache, jaundice, body ache, leg swelling and weight gain.

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What important warning should every user of thiazolidinediones know?

It can cause heat failure.

It can cause cirrhosis of the liver.

It can cause pancreatic cancer.


Correct Answer


Wrong Answer

In 2007, a warning was added to the bottles of thiazolidinediones stating that it can cause or worsen heart failure.

FINISH QUIZ

You Got:


/20

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